And with the air mostly removed, you can spin the drum really really fast! I think you're on to something here. :P Maybe not.
I've done hundreds of solvent evaporations under vacuum (rotovap). The problem is you need a trap, or else solvents condense in the pump which causes your efficiency to go down. So now you need a heat pump or similar, now you're talking about a really complicated dryer. But it'd be efficient.
Why not just use a vacuum pump and pull the water vapor out at a constant temperature. You can flow 33C dry air (use a condenser before expanding and heating, if you like) across the clothes as they tumble to keep them from freezing.
You wouldn't have to pump below a 10% of an atmosphere to quickly dry your clothes (vapor pressure of water is 5% of an atmosphere at that temp).
To give an idea of how fast:
With a 1liter/sec STP air intake, you would extract ~1gram/sec of water so in 15min you would remove ~1kg of water.
For apartment goers (or those that live in uncooperative climates) the reliability of such a system is a bigger problem than the speed.
But for those that can use it, it is indeed a great system.
One day we'll invent a technology device to answer the age old question: "Still wet or just cold?"
Perfect, of course this exists. It even has a FUN button for when waiting for the clothes to dry gets too boring.
What really struck me as remarkable was this bit: "Digital display with back light gives exact and clearly reading although you stay at the somber conditions"
I wish my TV could do that...
4.47$ shipping, and it's not even next day? Pass! /s
Yeah I'll wait for the ETEKCITY version for $16 with prime shipping.
I press it to my face to answer that question. Somehow my face is much more reliable at telling the difference between cold and wet than my hands.
I just mentioned the "wet or cold" problem to someone else and they said "just use your face"! So it's not just you. Something to try this winter...
Lips or tongue are even more sensitive for this IME. I test vitrification of pottery by putting my tongue on it. I use my lips to test washing for cold vs. damp, but we sparsely use an eco friendly washing liquid, YMMV.
Doesn't work so well if you have a beard.
Doesn't using your tongue, which is usually wet, increase the chance of a false positive?
I live in a tiny flat in Austria. The vast majority of my washing dries overnight provided I actually get it done around lunch time... even when it's raining. I don't even put it outside most of the time.
If I'm in a major hurry, mostly due to self inflicted procrastination, I'll point a regular fan at the rack as it dries.
I used to hang my clothes indoors when I was living in Europe (some apartments had clever retractable hangers built above the bathtub), and even when raining they would dry in less than a day.
Can you put your clothes on a fire escape? Or in your bathroom (works great if you have a bathroom with a window).
Every apartment complex I've lived in has had rules banning hanging clothes (no idea about enforcement). Also, for any group larger than 2 I imagine the clothes would not dry fast enough to keep up.
And most bathrooms are small and often without a window.
Not a complaint, just pointing out that sun-drying is often not a real choice. Often it is.
Many management types will attempt to tell you that you can't hang clothes on a line. In nineteen states, such rules are explicitly prohibited by state law: http://www.sightline.org/2012/02/21/clothesline-bans-void-in... . They have the cheeky name of "right to dry states".
A related thing often banned is external over-the-air antennas, protected by US federal law.
Well, the focus in that particular article is on HOA bans, not apartment ones. For instance, the Hawaii law (the first one I clicked on that seemed particularly cut-and-dried) is restricted to single-family homes and townhomes.
"The purpose of this Act is to prohibit real estate contracts, agreements, and rules from precluding or rendering ineffective the use of clotheslines on the premises of [b]single-family dwellings or townhouses[/b]."
Living in Beijing, we never dried our clothes outside the apartment. We had racks in the kitchen for that. I don't think management companies can ban drying inside! It sounds unenforceable.
Alternatively, a clothes rack on a balcony or receiving direct sunlight through a window or glass sliding door, with both slightly ajar works well.
One benefit of this is that your clothes last much longer.
In the winter, I find they dry quite quickly if I just put the clothes rack indoors near a radiator.
However never hang clothes on a radiator to dry, this is the least efficient method of using your radiators.
If you have city central radiated heating, then making the radiators less effective is just a bonus of getting your clothes to dry a bit faster.
I'm not sure how common that is, the only place I have heard of it is in some Scandinavian countries but if you know otherwise i would love to hear about it.
All of northern china is like this. I'm sure much of Russia is also, its a pretty common thing spread by the soviets (socialized heating....).
It's considered reasonable to endanger lives to dry washing? (I don't live in the US).
Well obviously don't be stupid where you put the clothes, (I.e. don't block egress).
Hanging clothes in direct sunlight is overkill, and probably reduces their useful life due to the UV. All you need is sufficient moving air. I hang mine under the deck or just on racks indoors.
Sunlight isn't an overkill. It's a great germ killer (You have to be cautious not to leave them out for too long, lest the UV/Heat damages the colours).
You can use a lot of detergent to remove the last bacteria; but household detergents are a big source of water pollution.
Or you could throw your clothes into a geyser  :)
> (...) The group put their soiled clothes in a pillowcase and threw it into the geyser’s cone. When it erupted, the clothes were sent flying over a hundred feet into the air. When they collected them, the churning, heated water had indeed cleaned them.
Hm, I thought the best way to kill germs is to wash clothes at 60C/140F or higher.
it is a good way, but it's also a good way to ruin some more delicate clothing.
Not sure why everybody assumes fusion powered implies direct sunlight.
Drying clothes in the shade is also powered by the sun, because the air only has "unused" moisture capacity because it was heated at some point. To repeat the cycle forever it will need to cool down and then be heated again.
Once both my kids wet the bed every night for a week. 3 loads a day. Even on a sunny day in Scotland a duvet won't dry on the line in 1 day.
Lucky you. Try doing that in Chicago or Miami and your clothes will stink like holy hell thanks to the humidity.
I've heard it has anti bacterial properties as well. Unfortunately, they come at a pigment destroying cost.
Wasn't space fusion established as carcinogenic?
Doesn't the UV end up fading the colors?
Beamed energy is here!
Star based clothes drying is always better
We did that, right up until we had three kids and full-time jobs :)
We dry ours (2A+2C) inside on hanging racks, but it takes up a fair bit of space. In a smaller house, we'd have no chance.
You also need adequate cubic footage to absorb the moisture dependent upon the humidity inside. If you run the AC, that helps keep the humidity lower, but it's probably more expensive than just running the dryer.
Why on earth is this being downvoted?
It's not the fastest clothes dryer, but I often use one that runs on fusion in outer space.
It's also a shame that the US DOE has partnered with and is funding R&D for a fully-owned subsidiary (as of 2016 iirc) of a Chinese state-owned company (Haier, which bought GE Appliances).
> The idea sounds pretty neat but I wonder about longevity of the piezeoelectric transducers.
If they'll wear out fast it's entirely feasible to design the dryer around user-replaceable piezos.
It may end up like with inkjet printers -- where the dryer itself is just a boring spinning drum with a fan and a moisture collector and a powerful piezo driver, and you end up buying consumable cassettes with the actual transducers inside.
But then you won't be able to dry your white clothes because your color piezo needs replacement.
You know what I want? A lemon law that states that major appliances need to run forever. Literally something that says, "This device must run without professional service for 25 years." Forget energy star stuff, 100Kwh saved a year is meaningless because we can always optimize powerplants. Stop building disposable 100LB metal boxes that have to get scrapped and thrown in a landfill. If the device fails earlier than that, the company has to replace it and pay a large fine for producing faulty equipment (larger than the profit from the device by an order of magnitude).
Then just allow people to rent the devices (which would obviously cost more) rather that have to buy them outright.
First you need engineers that can design appliances that, even if warrantied, do not need service within 25 years 100% of the time.
Perhaps they can be legislated into existence... ;)
There is a rover on Mars that had been running by itself for quite a bit and it contends with far more than a dryer.
I assume you don't mean Beagle 2.
A Mars rover is a bad example here because it's not an item that is, or will ever be, mass-produced.
how much did the rover cost?
Hard to know, looking at the 600 page NASA PDF, but Google says 400 million. But that's for a object that had to be transported to mars first. I bet transporting a dishwasher to mars intact to sit and not work is a similar amount of money.
Guess I just need to start an appliance company and fail to become enlightened as to why my desire of quality and serviceability are unattainable ideals.
Incidentally, your comment on price is a weak argument, because the product doesn't even exist. Even the luxury appliances have tremendously low longevity now. So luxury at this point basically means it looks really good while it works and you can afford to buy another when it doesn't.
Or just buy my grandmas fridge from the 60s that still running strong.
And the longevity of your clothes.
This is the main reason.
The difference in the longevity of my clothes -- same exact articles, same brand, same material, thickness, size and stitching -- from switching from a "hotbox" dryer to condensation dryer was initially amazing. No more did cuffs and collars start to crack and fail, nor did my shirts slowly develop small tears.
The latest (2014 is when they really started to hit the market) heat pump dryers dry clothes even cooler still, albeit since they're new tech they're quite a bit more expensive right now.
In Europe, a "condensation dryer" is so common, they're just called a "dryer", with no differentiating term. Additionally some countries (Switzerland I think) I believe don't even allow hotbox dryers anymore (and their needed conduit and vents) as part of fire/building code. Condensation dryers simply have a high quality lint filter (that truly does trap it all) and vent to atmosphere, since they just use a heat exchanger.
All while using far less electricity than simply heating things resistively.
I don't think I've ever seen one of these hotbox driers in person, but gathered somewhere that those had existed earlier and saw them as fully obsolete technology used only in some industrial settings. The fact that they are still sold and installed (with all the requirements) in ordinary homes is very surprising.
(Hint: if you buy a condensation dryer, buy one with a drainage hose, if at all possible. Unless you are a very punctual person, you probably won't learn to empty the water storage after every cycle despite that all the manuals tell you to do so, because it can hold water from several cycles – but you will find yourself having unexpectedly wet laundry from time to time when you start drying with an almost full water tank and are not near when the machine tells it can't continue the program.)
You said the difference was "/initially/ amazing"; did something change later?
No. After 10 years of using them I've just been acclimated to not having my shirt collars and cuffs destroyed in the dryer.
Could simply be habituation; where, like with HDTV, it's amazing at first but you get used to it and it simply becomes "the normal".
Possibly so; it just seemed like a conspicuously odd thing to add given they seemed to have no other complaints about it.
It varies by country. I'd think most in the UK consider "dryer" to mean heated dryer. I've found condensation dryers do a sub-par job and heated ones are fine on the low setting.
Do they use the cold side of the heat exchanger to drop the moisture out of the air prior to passing it back through for heating?
Yes, it works exactly this way. I don't have a clothes dryer, but I have condensing air demoisturizer (for places with too much moisture). Works fine when you need to dry some clothes in one room. Also costs MUCH less than full dryer. Air coming out is only a little hotter than room, but sometimes room gets colder due to evaporation from all textiles.
I've thought about buying an old 200mm or 230mm fan, and hooking it up to a Peltier cooler -- First pass the air over the "cold" side to drop out the moisture, then through some rechargeable desiccant, and then through the hot side to my clothes.
I wonder why dryers don't work this way, other than I think that it'd be much slower to dry as compared to a traditional dryer, and I'm not sure if you'd be able to wick the moisture out of ever fabric.
Why rechargeable dessicant when moisture just condenses on cold side? Then it drops into container. Also peltier cooler is too inefficient to do this. It uses about half of energy just for resistive heating. Typical european dryer works just like this but doesn't use dessicant.
Unless you drop the air temperature down to below 0, all the moisture won't drop out on the cold side.
Batteries don't last this long, why does a dryer have to? it's not all about longevity ...
What to batteries have to do with clothes dryers...? You're comparing a consumable good to a household appliance. Household appliances are expected to last 5 years. 7-10 is pretty normal.
If a dryer is not a consumable, shouldn't it last forever?
If a battery is a consumable, shouldn't it last only one charging cycle?
so according to these links, a battery that lasts 2 years is a consumable good but a fridge that last 3 years is a durable good..... I think I get it.
Batteries not lasting long is considered a limitation of our current battery technology. This limitation doesn’t currently exist for typical clothes dryers.
There’s no reason to introduce a new limitation unless the technology makes up for it in other ways. Having to replace a clothes dryer every two years would require the technology to be very good to justify such a burdensome task.
"Having to replace a clothes dryer every two years would require the technology to be very good to justify such a burdensome task."
Or, a cost cutting measure of replacing a long-lasting ball bearing assembly with a shaft rotating in a vinyl cup which wears down to metal-on-metal like mine did after 3 years. Which is the sort of accelerated deprecation the OP was alluding to. Granted, the battery metaphor isn't great as energy storage tech is far from mature.
Because dryers are expensive appliances. If they're going to make one that only lasts one tenth as long, it better cost one tenth of the price too.
Take operating costs into account also.
And time lost waiting for a new one to be delivered, disposal fees...
If you put it by the road someone should pick it up promptly for free (or list it for free on craigslist).
Don't forget delivery and installation fees too. They don't deliver them to your house for free.
Who cares about delivery fees? it's the total cost that matters.
The delivery fee is a significant fraction of the total cost of a modern dryer in the US. Saving a little money by getting crappier dryers will likely have a larger total cost because of the delivery fees, and also the cost of your time in taking time off from work to accept delivery.
that dryer costing $180 at Home Depot has free shipping, by the way... http://www.homedepot.com/p/Magic-Chef-Compact-1-5-cu-ft-Elec... .... and by the way, you are paying for shipping even if you by at the store (it is just included)
WTF? We're talking about real dryers here, not dorm-sized dryers that you can dry maybe 2 shirts in.
However, if you select the Samsung 7.5cf dryer, it also has free delivery. Of course, this is built into the price, and $550 for an appliance isn't pocket change.
here is a pocket change dryer that is slightly larger: http://www.homedepot.com/p/Amana-6-5-cu-ft-Electric-Dryer-in... and of course it also has free shipping.
And time lost waiting for a new one to be delivered, disposal fees for the old unit, laundromat fees and time spent there while the system is down.
How much are these new dryers? I didn't see the cost.
also, where did they state the longevity?
This device is supposed to be eco-friendlier than a hot air dryer.
The benefit reduces if you have a consumable component that needs changing, especially with the amount of e-waste that goes to landfill.
eco friendly? right... they are only trying to get the cost down for the consumer.
Arranging large appliance delivery and disposal is a pain in the ass when you've got full time jobs to deal with. Don't want to do that any more than needed.
Batteries are also (relatively) cheap and easy to replace.
If my dryer was $50-$200 and could be carried in one hand, I'd be (grumpily) okay with it only lasting 2 years.
Must every appliance become "disposable"?
No - I'd really love it if they didn't become disposable. Sustainability, however, isn't why people have different expectations of batteries vs dryers. I didn't mean to imply a cheap, portable, but flimsy dryer would be a good thing.
How much does it cost for you to get an iphone battery replaced by Apple ($79)? a basic dryer costs $180 at home depot...
Do you own a dryer? If so, would you want to go out and replace it every two years?
A bit puzzled why GE needs government funding to do research -- they make a lot of money already.
The idea sounds pretty neat but I wonder about longevity of the piezeoelectric transducers. A clothes dryer needs to last at least 7-10 years, minimum. A resistive heating element is about as simple as you can get, and it's cheap to replace if it does burn out.
Can't you stick them in the microwave?
Bring em to your neighborhood pizza shop. They've got nice, hot ovens. Just don't burn your socks.
Does this mean the socks won't come out of the dryer warm? That's sort of a deal breaker for me.
The career advancement of the scientists and engineers working on the project depend on publications and outreach like this. Source: I was a post-doc at a DOE lab.
> At the end of the project, appliance manufacturers including GEA will be ready to invest in this technology and commercialize it. This will result in the U.S. becoming the leader in the clothes drying industry and generate new jobs and innovative applications of the technology.
Pretty sure as soon as China is aware of this idea (if not already), they will have something in production and out the door faster and at a much larger scale than the US. Could someone explain why innovative ideas like this have to be published before they're actually built?
What's the effect on the clothes themselves? I won't let anything but underwear, gym clothes, socks, and tees in a dryer because it's generally considered bad for them. I hang dry all of my wovens.
And how will my cat react to this thing? Something with enough sonic energy to vaporize a significant volume of water is probably loud enough to wake every animal in the area.
The demonstration seems to assume that physical contact is possible. For layered clothes it may not work that well, if at all.
But! Even if we assume there's no progress in that area, I can still see this being used in an industrial laundry. I've worked in one and there are machines specialized for different types of garments. With automation, it may actually make economic sense.
So while use in a consumer market may seem far out, industrial applications are still possible.
Electric ceiling fan in a small room dries a stand full of clothes in 4-5 hours in a 70%RH climate and costs a LOT less than drum dryers and is safer for the garments.
The video showed a small bit of fabric touching the transducer. I'm not sure how well it's going to work with a big heap of jeans, jumpers and the like.
Depending on the ultrasonic frequency used, and the spacing of seams/tailoring of the clothes, it's possible that some clothes will come out of the dryer in pieces, and you will have to sew them back together... Although I suspect wide availability of these dryer will quickly eliminate that kind of sewing, much like the prevalence of dishwashers has almost eliminated non-dishwasher-safe kitchen stuff.
So this project ran from 2014-2016. Any word on whether anything was accomplished?
> DOE’s Building Technologies Office is seeking new clothes dryer technologies that can increase the energy factor (EF) from 3.7 to 5.43 lb/kWh without increasing drying time by more than 20% over baseline units.
They're concentrating too much on kWh. One could use the same technology and focus on variable electricity pricing. I want a dryer that I turn at night, and it dynamically turns on-and-off as electricity rates go up and down. It ends at a smooth tumble in the morning so I can put on my day's clothes and fold the rest at it's lowest wrinkle-point.
I saw something like this demoed on Australian TV about 15 years ago. I was always wondering what happened to it!
Will it kill bug infestations?
I want to see a study done on such a devices safety. The sound waves it emit are able to desiccate clothing. What is the effect of these sound waves escaping the device? Would it desiccate living tissue?
If these go mainstream it would be thousands of times more handy to the small shop then for cloths. Vibratory cleaners with that kind of volume are crazy expensive!
I sincerely hope this is no vaporware...
Vibration of molecules... sounds alot like heat energy
The logical next leap is to cook food with ultrasound which will hopefully be somewhat faster than conventional cooking and less harmful (no protein denaturing ) than microwave cooking
Advanced clothesline technology, now available with WiFi.
Ultrasonic Dryer? Who needs this?
And DOE dropped nearly a million on it? Was it an SBIR grant with nice kickbacks? :-)
I found a washing machine with ultrasonic much more interesting:
Would be a little worried about stress on your clothes AND/OR Ears. http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2014/09/sounds-you-cant-hear-...